- May 18, 2009
So here we go again. Excuses, excuses.All the faults that led to Stalinism came from outside....not too different from the excuses that the Stalinists themselves employed when they tried to backtrack or explain away something. "Bad elements" had infiltrated the OGPU and they were responsible for the "excesses". It won't wash. Tsarists or NEP men indeed!The Bad Elements were there from the start, as I pointed out above in connection with the OGPU hierarchy. This was the USSR not 'Invasion of the Body snatchers' where one day in 1928 (or 1925) loads of these good Bolsheviks went to sleep and in the morning had been replaced by Bad'Uns.Stalinism came into existence as a counter-revolutionary movement because of the failure of the revolutionary movements in Western Europe - every single Bolshevik knew that the workers state would face counter-revolution unless a workers state was established in an advanced capitalist country to help Russia industrialise. The only question posed was not whether a counter-revolution would occur - but what character the counter-revolution would take - and it took the form of the emergence of a bureaucracy around Stalin (predominantly made up of former Tsarist administrators, NEPmen and elements of the peasantry - and some anarchists thrown in for good measure).
Lets look at Stalin's thuggish friends and instruments themselves. Kaganovich:joined the Bolshevik Part in 1911. Molotov-a member of the group that launched the October coup. Beria-joined the Cheka in 1920. Vassily Blokhin, the butcher of Katyn-joined the Cheka in 1921. Frinovsky-deputy head of the OGPU-fought in Moscow in 1917.Ulrikh of the show trials, another young chekist. Zhandov joined the Bolsheviks in 1915. Redens went to work for the Cheka in 1918. etc etc etc
What matters is that her prediction came true.Yet you continue to ignore the fact that Rosa Luxemburg wrote her piece in 100% support of the Russian Revolution, the Workers State and the Bolshevik Party.
I've heard it claimed that many of the Kronstadt sailors were not the original intake of 1918...but none!There were none of the 'the otiginal revolutionaries' in the Kronstadt Rebellion in 1921 - and it is worth noting that over half the Baltic fleet in Kronstadt during the rebellion did not participate and a section of the remainder actually fought with the Red Army.
Ah Ha!Paul Avrich, Kronstadt 1921 (Moscow, 2001)
But, in any case, nobody outside doctrinaire Leninists and Trotskyists accepts the central premise of this debate, that the sailors and workers of Kronstadt only had rights as long as they could be seen as the original intake. This is the Communist orthodoxy-and it's the same whether Leninist or Stalinist-that only the workers and sailors count, that peasants or people of peasant origin are inferior, that they didn't have a right to protest and appeal against the authoritarian nature of the Bolshevik regime. Your whole argument stinks of this manichean, condescending dogma. No wonder the Communists,not just the Stalinist faction, found it tolerable to let 5-7 million people starve in 1933. They were only peasants after all.
Like Gavril Myasnikov, for a start.and you can provide evidence with sources for this assertion (and not wikipedia)