81 archaeological settlements discovered in the Amazon

JacquesHughes

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read:https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/03/27/archaeologists-discover-81-ancient-settlements-in-the-amazon/?utm_term=.7cc6f77b8ff7

Occupied between 1250 and 1500 AD, ( reliably fixed by carbon dating), the density of construction suggests that the Mato Grosso had a population of possibly one million and practiced a form of agriculture, possibly orchards or nut-bearing trees.

The first european down the Amazon ( Orellana) described large communities living along it's length, which could not be found in later centuries. The lack of stone could make enduring ancient structures hard to find. Someone has estimated that the arrival of europeans reduced the indigenous population by 90%- an extraordinary figure, but could it be right.
 


Deadlock

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The loss of life could have indeed been huge - consider that the arrival of the Black Death in London is thought to have reduced that city' population by more than 50% in 6-9 months. Compound that with the sheer number of diseases introduced by European explorers, conquerors and settlers, and 90% population loss is very possible.

It could also indirectly account for the 'lost tribes' that are rediscovered in the Amazon - pockets of naturally resistant persons or people originally so far removed from population centres they escaped infection.

The arrival of Europeans also brought on the Columbian Exchange. During this period European settlers brought many different technologies and lifestyles with them; arguably the most harmful effect of this exchange was the arrival and spread of disease.[SUP][1][/SUP]
Numerous other diseases were brought to North America, including bubonic plague, chickenpox, cholera, the common cold, diphtheria, influenza, malaria, measles, scarlet fever, sexually transmitted diseases, typhoid, typhus, tuberculosis, and pertussis (whooping cough).[SUP][2][/SUP][SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][4][/SUP] Each of these brought destruction through sweeping epidemics, involving disability, illness, and extensive deaths.[SUP][4][/SUP] Native Americans, due to the lack of prior contact with Europeans, had not previously been exposed to the diseases that were prevalent on the distant continent. Therefore, they had not built up internal immunities to the diseases or formed any medicines to combat them. Europeans came into the New World bearing various diseases. Those infected with diseases either possessed them in a dormant state or were not quarantined in such a way that distanced them enough from Native Americans not to spread the diseases, allowing them to spread into epidemics.[SUP][1][/SUP]
Return of the Black Death | London Live
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics
How Europeans brought sickness to the New World | Science | AAAS
 

GDPR

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Fascinating. Perhaps in considering how best to preserve the Amazon, we could learn lessons from the indigenous peoples of the past that lived there.
 

The Field Marshal

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Thank God for European colonists.

They stopped the human butchery these South American savages practiced upon each other in the name of pagan worship.

As for archaeology and bamboo huts?
 

firefly123

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Thank God for European colonists.

They stopped the human butchery these South American savages practiced upon each other in the name of pagan worship.

As for archaeology and bamboo huts?
yes they killed 90% of the population to prevent ritual sacrifice.

a bit like the whole liberty by smart bomb technique
 

recedite

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Its possible for large numbers of people to exist in dispersed small communities, while having a complex well connected overall culture.
And when they are gone, they leave behind no cities, and very few stone structures. The Celts/Gauls/Germans of Europe lived like that pre-Romanisation. As did their Irish contemporaries. Even the very ancient pre-celtic Irish left more imprint on the landscape (eg Newgrange) than the more modern tribes.

BTW, disease was not all one way traffic. The South Americans gave the rest of the world syphilis.
 

derryman

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Thank God for European colonists.

They stopped the human butchery these South American savages practiced upon each other in the name of pagan worship.

As for archaeology and bamboo huts?
I have resisted this for some time but you are now on ignore.
 

The Field Marshal

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I have resisted this for some time but you are now on ignore.
Thank you.

IINM you are follower of the south American pagan savage Jorge Bergoglio masquerading as a catholic pope .

[One of the false Gods he adores is Pachamama
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachamama]

No doubt find my exaltation of the achievements of the European colonists has upset you as it does him.
 

The Field Marshal

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yes they killed 90% of the population to prevent ritual sacrifice.

a bit like the whole liberty by smart bomb technique
Untrue on two counts.

[1] The 90% is a gross exaggeration
[2] The colonists killed mainly those who resisted territorial not spiritual conquest.

Had [2] not occurred the south american savages would still be tearing the hearts out of living humans.
 

valamhic

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Its possible for large numbers of people to exist in dispersed small communities, while having a complex well connected overall culture.
And when they are gone, they leave behind no cities, and very few stone structures. The Celts/Gauls/Germans of Europe lived like that pre-Romanisation. As did their Irish contemporaries. Even the very ancient pre-celtic Irish left more imprint on the landscape (eg Newgrange) than the more modern tribes.

BTW, disease was not all one way traffic. The South Americans gave the rest of the world syphilis.
The Africans gave us aids
 


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