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Castlepollard Exclusion From Commission on Mother and Baby Homes INQUIRY. (Second Thread)

StarryPlough01

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Italian victim feels ‘defeated’ after Vatican’s secretive ecclesiastical trial of alleged abuser


The Vatican agreed to meet with the victim after he chained himself to the Porta Sant’Anna, the main entrance to Vatican City, in a desperate bid to be heard by Church authorities,



Apr 4, 2019


By Claire Giangravè



"ROME - Only two months ago Arturo Borelli, a clerical sex abuse victim from Italy, was beaming while walking down the avenue that leads to St. Peter’s Square. After 20 years knocking on the Vatican doors, they had finally opened."

....

[Now] " …. The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), the Vatican department that handles matters of clerical sexual abuse, won’t answer his [Borelli] calls. His alleged abuser has been found innocent, but he [Borelli] was not informed of the sentence nor will he ever be able to know the details of the ecclesiastical trial."

....

"Borelli, 40, claims to have been sexually abused about thirty years ago on the peripheries of Naples, Italy, by his religion teacher Father Silverio Mura. :mad: After the abuse was reported to the Archdiocese of Naples, Mura was moved from parish to parish, only to be found under a false name and teaching catechism to more than 40 children.":mad:
 


StarryPlough01

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Secretive cult conditions children from young and they have them for life


Whether its the Scientologists or Latter Day Saints it's all the same thing


:mad: *Despite two decades of horrific scandals, cover-ups and revelations in IRELAND, RTE documentary Rome v Republic concludes that the Church remains embedded in Irish life*



:mad: Archbishop of Dublin Dr Diarmuid Martin says serial paedophile priests, who have hundreds of victims: "can't remember how many children they abused"


April 7 2019 2:30 AM

https://www.independent.ie/au/iris h-news/priests-abused-so-many-children-they-cant-remember-names-37990081.html

By Lynn Kelleher


Rome v Republic', RTE One, Thursday, 10.15 PM


Archbishop of Dublin Dr Diarmuid Martin:



"Any organisation has to ask how is it that at a particular time, there was a large number of serial paedophiles. I'm talking serious paedophiles, we're talking about hundreds.​
"They don't even, they didn't even know how many people they abused."​


:mad:Former President Mary McAleese talks about the OUTRAGEOUS attitude she has heard in Rome from __*Senior Churchmen*__ when talking about abused children:


'God chose these men, and the devil works through children'


Ex-Attorney General Michael McDowell quotes Ryan Report stats of 170,000 children that were sent to a network of church-run institutions from the 1930s to 1970s:

"In many of the institutions, they were treated like prison inmates, neglect was widespread, children were frequently hungry and many were subjected to extreme physical and emotional abuse. In the boys' institutions ,there was an endemic culture of sexual abuse."​


STARRY:

It was sadistic and brutal treatment of vulnerable children who had no one to turn to. Everyone looked the other way. There was sheer utter contempt and indifference by those in authority to the Ryan Report's findings. :mad: And there was no accountability for these most heinous crimes against thousands of children. :mad:

What appalls me is that even today people see different kinds of abuse and they remain *silent.*


This little anecdote is only one example of the unconscionably many.


I have talked on new kid on the block pie political discussion site about the behaviour of two malevolent mods who wanted to silence me on Cardinal George Pell's conviction for paedophilia. This happened to me at a Catholic fascist site.

A member at pie site ridiculed me ('tired of your travails'). I stood my ground.

That person then capitulated stating I had indeed been treated unfairly and had posted relevant on-topic material with my own analysis. S/he further stated that one (subjective and biased) mod was __*unsuitable*__ for the position, but he wasn't the only one, as there are quite a few mods who fall into that category. He gave a further example of how another mod endlessly spams threads with "dull" tweets. The two mods had continuously called my relevant and on topic posts with my own analysis "spam," and said it should be removed. These two mods harangued me throughout my own thread on George Pell's conviction for paedophilia * And they kept spamming up the thread themselves with impunity. My thread title was changed twice by the mods.

A Senior Mod knew exactly what was going on, but was too much of an obsequious coward to take it to the owners.






I was recently perma-banned by the site's co-owner for "Attacking this site elsewhere." They wouldn't allow my freedom of expression on their site or elsewhere!!






My permanent ban ^^^ was politically motivated, arbitrary, discriminatory, punitive and violates their own site's Terms of Use.



*Title of my thread: Cardinal George Pell Found Guilty of Child Sexual Abuse.



Religious congregations indemnity deal was ‘a blank cheque’, says ex-Attorney General Michael McDowell

Michael McDowell is the presenter of new RTE documentary 'Rome v Republic'


Fri, Apr 5, 2019, 06:00


By Patsy McGarry


Ex-Attorney General Michael McDowell said the Church turned its back on Irish Law and used secretive Canon Law precepts instead:


No church is entitled to say to the Irish State: ‘Our law is superior to your law.

"Combined, the congregations offered a further €352.61 million, :mad:of which €103.17 has been paid over (in cash and property), or 29 per cent. :mad:
"The redress scheme has cost the taxpayer €1.5 billion with 15,579 people, who had been in institutions managed by the 18 congregations as children, receiving awards which averaged €62,250 each.​

I'm tempted to say don't allow priests within 100 metres of any children!!
 

StarryPlough01

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Australia's National Redress Scheme for child sexual abuse protects institutions at the expense of justice for survivors

March 7, 2019 11.52am AEDT


Authors: Kathleen Daly, Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University; and Juliet Davis, Research Fellow, Griffith University

Kathleen Daly receives funding from the Australian Research Council. She was affiliated with the Independent Advisory Council on Redress.

Juliet Davis receives funding from the Australian Research Council.

Partners: Griffith University provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU.


Extracts ~ “Read the full article on The Conversation


"With the Joint Select Committee’s review of the NRS set to be released in the coming weeks
, it’s important to look back on how the NRS emerged and the ways it strayed from the recommendations of the royal commission.

....

"The widening gaps between the royal commission and the NRS

"We identified 17 contentious matters in the NRS bill.

....

"All 17 matters departed from what the royal commission recommended except three: the eligibility of sexual abuse only, indexation of payment, and no external review.

"The pressure points for the departures were economic and political costs to government and non-government participants, and to a lesser degree, the convenience of the scheme operator.

....

"But is there any hope for change? Perhaps.

"A bipartisan Joint Select Committee (JSC) on the Oversight of the Implementation of Redress Related Recommendations of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has been receiving submissions and holding hearings over the past five months.

....

"Will the JSC report, delivered in early April, produce findings that make politicians, the media, and the public take notice?

"The timing is not optimal with a federal election looming and other matters taking greater precedence. Post-election, let’s hope that the failure of the NRS to provide justice to survivors receives the attention it deserves.


Read the full article on The Conversation


Starry:
The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse was established by former Labor PM Julia Gillard. Opposition Labor leader Bill Shorten said he was "open to improving the scheme, if elected.'



Continued below (References / sources from The Conversation)...
 
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StarryPlough01

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Continued from The Conversation...




References / Sources


REDRESS AND CIVIL LITIGATION REPORT


National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2018


Attorney-General George Brandis and then Minister for Social Services Christian Porter issued a press release announcing that a Commonwealth Redress Scheme (CRS) would be established ~
Commonwealth Redress Scheme for survivors of institutional child sexual abuse


Friday, 4 November 2016
Joint Media Release by Attorney-General George Brandis and then Minister for Social Services Christian Porter


Transcript by The Hon Christian Porter MP
Press conference, National Redress Scheme
4 November 2016


Commonwealth Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2017


Government to release details of institutional abuse redress scheme
On AM with Sabra Lane

Duration: 9min 4sec
Broadcast: Thu 26 Oct 2017, 8:04am
More Information

Featured:
Christian Porter, Social Services Minister


Final Report
Commonwealth Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2017 [Provisions]
28 March 2018
PDFs


National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Assessment Framework 2018Dan Tehan Minister for Social Services
29 June 2018


National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Direct Personal Response Framework 2018
Dan Tehan Minister for Social Services
29 June 2018


Intergovernmental Agreement on the National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse
4 May 2018
PDFs


National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2018
Documents and transcripts
PDFs, Word Docs & HTML (hyperlinks on left hand side)


"June 2018, many politicians said it was “imperfect”, but they would support it."


Senator Louise Pratt (p57)


Joint Select Committee on oversight of the implementation of redress related recommendations of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse


Public Hearings
Past Public Hearings and Transcripts
PDFs and zipfiles for HTML


Looks interesting~
"We provided evidence to the JSC of the many ways the NRS departs from the royal commission’s principles of redress.
Submissions"
Submissions received by the Committee
 
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Lumpy Talbot

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Twitter
No
I predict now that the general jig is up with this particular religious cult that we will see a wave of cases of bishops, archbishops and cardinals filling their boots in as many imaginative ways as possible before the remaining eejits catch on...
 

StarryPlough01

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Torture, Murder and Exclusion: Ireland’s first 10 years of Independence

Published February 13, 2012 in Revolutionary History




Dr Finbar Dwyer


From legislation making public life for women impossible, to the summary executions in the civil war to the deportation of Jimmy Gralton the achievements of “The Free State” were limited to the restoration of the pre World War 1 social and econmic order. They succeeded in preserving a state for the rich and powerful in a symbiotic relationship with the Catholic Church. In this context those who laud the “achievements” of the founders of the Irish State as great men for no obvious reason other than the preservation of this state should reflect on the words of Mikhail Bakunin, the 19th century Russian anarchist.


Thus, to offend, to oppress, to despoil, to plunder, to assassinate or enslave one’s fellow man is ordinarily regarded as a crime. In public life, on the other hand, from the standpoint of patriotism, when these things are done for the greater glory of the State, for the preservation or the extension of its power, it is all transformed into duty and virtue …….. There is no horror, no cruelty, sacrilege, or perjury, no imposture, no infamous transaction, no cynical robbery, no bold plunder or shabby betrayal that has not been or is not daily being perpetrated by the representatives of the states, under no other pretext than those elastic words, so convenient and yet so terrible: “for reasons of state.”
 

StarryPlough01

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Fintan Dunne


ZAPPONE TO MAKE KEY ANNOUNCEMENTS​
Katherine Zappone on Tuesday next 16th April will publish publish her Collaborative Forum's suggestions on health and welfare supports for M&B Homes survivors. We will be running a political lobbying campaign to respond to the announcement, so get your email fingers ready.​
The Minister will also very soon publish another Interim Report from the Commission about technical work on the Tuam site and the Commission’s assessment of burial arrangements at some of the other major institutions. That will be an opportunity to challenge them on proper examination and/or exhumations at key sites.​

More info as it comes to hand in days ahead.​
 

StarryPlough01

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Report to be delayed again for the *third* time


Scoping exercise announced last May 2018 by Minister Zappone was to examine only 1.5% of more than 100,000 records held by Tusla and Adoption Authority of Ireland for specific illegality markers…


"Instead, records are being compared against a set list of 24 labels or "markers" which might indicate an illegal birth registration has occurred."


"It's not a forensic examination of records for ALL forms of illegal adoption"




By Conall Ó Fátharta


Other forms of illegal adoption include cases of falsified or questionable consents, where the mother consenting was a minor; adoptions granted in the absence of birth certificates of any kind; and in the case of children whose parents were married and instances of correct birth registrations which resulted in illegal adoptions.

It has also emerged that the report is set to be delayed again - for the third time. Just days after Ms Zappone told the Dáil on March 28 she expected to receive the report before Easter, Ms Reynolds informed the DCYA on April 1 that the report would be available to the DCYA "for a factual accuracy check before the end of May 2019".

This date is dependant on the AAI and Tusla reports being completed by the end of April. Ms Zappone will receive the report after this check has been completed.

The final report was initially due in October of last year. However, in September Ms Zappone said the report had been delayed until mid-December due to it being a “very complex" task and issues that had arisen "in relation to data protection and GDPR”.


#2288
'The State’s role in forced and illegal adoptions scandal must be probed'


#2303
According to BBC File on 4 Programme there is evidence that suggests some children were trafficked out of NI - without their mothers' consent - from Marianvale Mother and Baby Home, Newry, run by Good Shepherd Sisters


#2310
Starry:
Commission's below narrow focus on *Illegal Birth Registrations* lets the State off the hook
This goes to Terms of Reference - Do your job Zappone or vacate it!

23 May 2018

www.mbhcoi.ie/MBH.nsf/page/Terms%20of%20reference-en


#2313

#2328
Starry:
Why is the Commission focusing on Illegal Birth Registrations (*Where the State is not on the hook*) instead of investigating Illegal Adoptions (*where the State is culpable*)?
25 May 2018

***Statement by Dr Katherine Zappone, Minister for Children and Youth Affairs ~ 29 May 2018***
#2369

29 May 2018

#2373
"These are not incorrect and false birth registrations, they are illegal birth registrations. It is a crime."


#2374
U-Turn by DCYA who said an Audit would be a 'Wasted Exercise"
30 May 2018

#2379

#2382

#2383

#2384

#2396
TULSA'S CEO FRED MCBRIDE SAYS IT DOES NOT HAVE 'REMIT OR CAPACITY' TO INVESTIGATE 70,000 ADOPTION RECORDS IN THEIR POSSESSION DATING BACK TO FOUNDATION OF STATE
1 June 2018

#2398

#2400
ICCL calls on State to provide information and records to all affected by forced and illegal adoption


#2965
Total Sh*t from DCYA in their Management Speak…

5 August 2018

#272 ~ Castlepollard Second thread
3 September 2018
 

StarryPlough01

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'The 5th Interim Report of Mother and Baby Homes, which is expected to be on burial arrangements made for women and children while resident will be brought to Cabinet by Minister Zappone this morning'

Commission likely to have focused on burial arrangements for those who died in the institutions




By Jennifer Bray


Ms Zappone received the report on March 15th. She has told the Dáil in parliamentary correspondence that it was a “substantial report”.

“The report includes extensive technical reports prepared in the course of the commission’s investigations into the burial site associated with the institution formerly known as the Tuam Mother and Baby Home and the commission’s assessment of burial arrangements in respect of a number of other institutions within its remit.

“It also reports on burial arrangements in circumstances where the remains were initially transferred to educational institutions for anatomical examination.”
 

StarryPlough01

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In summary


Minister for Children and Youth Affairs Katherine Zappone is seeking government approval today (16th April) for publication of:


(1) Fifth Interim Report of the Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby Homes;


And, quite separately...


(2) Recommendations from First Report of the Collaborative Forum for Former Residents of Mother and Baby Homes and Related Institutions


Subject to approval by cabinet, the two reports will be published.
 

StarryPlough01

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Irish Council for Civil Liberties Executive Director Liam Herrick

Liam Herrick
‏ @liamherrick

Excellent piece by @dellakilroy on @drivetimerte with @wendylyon about ongoing denial of justice for laundry survivors. It is a disgrace that - despite political decisions to provide redress - obstacles continue to be put in way of these women.


Drivetime RTERadio1 with Delia Kilroy

Della Kilroy
‏ Verified account @dellakilroy

Fourteen at the centre of a dispute over the dates they worked in a Magdalene laundry are still waiting for a provisional offer for redress from the Department of Justice. I have been speaking to some of the women. Reporting after 6pm tonight on @drivetimerte @RTERadio1
 

StarryPlough01

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'Collaborative Forum members are dismayed by refusal to publish their Full Report on Mother and Baby Homes '


By Conall Ó Fátharta


The forum - which is comprised of former residents of the institutions and advocates and is separate from the Mother and Baby Homes Commission - began its work in July of last year and presented a report of almost 90 pages to children's minister Katherine Zappone in December.

However, Ms Zappone yesterday only published the recommendations of the forum - citing legal advice from the Attorney General. (n)

She said she intends to publish the full report after the Commission publishes its final report in February of next year.


....

…. The report is believed to be extremely critical of a number of agencies including Tusla which holds a large number of records in relation to former Mother and Baby Homes.

....

The forum has also called for the scrapping of the Government's planned Information and Tracing Bill and its replacement with an alternative “Identities and Personal Information Bill”.

....

However, the Minister stated that she will only seek to amend the current Information and Tracing Bill.



STARRY:


The Collaborative Forum attracted heavy criticism that its membership was under-represented by *biological mothers* and had a greater number of Adoptees. After all, mothers are the primary residents of the homes and the Charter stated that the focus was meant to be on them.

I researched the Collaborative Forum's 19 members and could only find ONE birth mother and no more than THREE of the remaining women who might possibly be birth mothers!! (n)




I (Starry) stated: *In all fairness, the Forum's first meeting should be scratched until such time as there is 50 percent representation of the "primary residents" _BIRTH MOTHERS_ ON THE COLLABORATIVE FORUM.*



Fintan Dunne representative of Irish First Mothers, who resigned from sham Collaborative Forum, said adopted persons and academics formed the majority of the selection panel for the Forum members ~


The 6 members appointed to the panel were:


Ms Teresa Blake SC Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission [ACADEMIC]

Ms Clodagh Malone Coalition of Mother and Baby Homes Survivors [ADOPTEE]

Ms Mari Steed Adoption Rights Alliance (based in USA) [ADOPTEE]

Dr James Gallen Dublin City University [ACADEMIC]

Prof Patricia Lundy Ulster University [ACADEMIC]

Mr Fintan Dunne Irish First Mothers [MOTHERS]


Yet the Charter for the Collaborative Forum states its focus is about the Primary Residents of Mother and Baby Homes!!


Read the Charter for Collaborative Forum ~




The purpose of the Collaborative Forum is to:

Focus on persons who were resident for a time in a mother and baby home and those with comparable experiences in a County Home


THE SELECTION PANEL APPOINTED 19 MEMBERS TO THE COLLABORATIVE FORUM


MY RESEARCH SHOWS ONLY _*ONE (1) CONFIRMED BIRTH MOTHER*_ AND NO MORE THAN THREE (3) OF THE REMAINING WOMEN WHO MIGHT POSSIBLY BE BIRTH MOTHERS


The 19 members appointed to the Forum are
:


Below information is no longer available on this link / server


Rosemary Adaser (Co-founder of the group Mixed Race Irish) - admitted to St Patrick's Mother and Baby Home, Dublin, at 18 months.


Mary Lawor (Mispelling of surname) (Adoptee)
< Mary Lawlor >


Conrad Bryan (Child resident of a Mother and Baby Home)


Susan Lohan (Adoption Rights Alliance)


Carmel Cantwell Sibling. Never was a resident.
<
>


Samantha Long (Adoptee)


Alice Carroll (NO INFORMATION FOUND)


Patrick McDonagh (Born and lived in Tuam Mother and Baby Home until six and half years)


Alice Coughlan Dr Alice Coughlan (National Children's Research Centre)?
< Alice Coughlan | National Children's Research Centre >


Alice McEvoy (NO INFORMATION FOUND)


Kathy Finn (Adoptee)


Helen McGree (NO INFORMATION FOUND)


Mary Harney (NO INFORMATION FOUND)


Finbar O’Regan Comment: "My name is finbarr o regan and I was born in the county home in clonakilty west cork 1952"
< Call for inquiry into high mortality rates at mother and baby homes >


Bernie Harold Chairwoman The Natural Parents Network of Ireland, represents natural mothers and adopted people
< Calls for probe into forced adoptions >


Amanda Quigley A Psychotherapist and Educator: "She became an advocate for the Irish Foster Care Association and a member of the Irish First Mothers support group and gave evidence to the commission for reform into Mother and Baby Homes."
< https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:O6u8v9KW-iEJ:https://www.nationalist.ie/news/home/285864/remarkable-clonmel-volunteer-amanda-quigley-honoured-as-unsung-hero.html+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk&client=firefox-b-ab >


Terri Harrison A BIRTH MOTHER
< ‘Banished babies’ make an emotional and tearful trip >


Paul Redmond (Adoptee)


Sidney Herdman "Richhill man Sidney Herdman, 48, has a foot in both camps – he is vice-chairman of the Bethany Home Survivors’ Group and chairman of the Westbank Survivors’ Group – and has a burning ambition “to bring closure to both these terrible blots on the dignity of human beings.”
< Survivors of Protestant care homes ‘left in limbo’ >


THE FORUM'S CHAIRPERSON IS GOVERNMENT APPOINTED


Other birth mothers should have been sought exhaustively to ensure 50 percent representation at least
.
 
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StarryPlough01

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Fifth Interim Report





Notice - 17th April 2019

Fifth Interim Report

Katherine Zappone TD, Minister for Children and Youth Affairs has today (17th April 2019) published the Fifth Interim Report of the Commission on Mother and Baby Homes.The Fifth Interim Report examines the burial arrangements in the institutions under investigation by the Commission. The report also examines the transfer of remains to educational institutions for the purpose of anatomical examination.



 

StarryPlough01

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No evidence babies from Tuam ‘sold’ to America, Zappone says

Commission believes some people know more about burials than they have revealed





By Fiach Kelly


Some people know more about the burial of children at the mother and baby home in Tuam than was provided to a Government investigation, the Minister for Children has said.

….

The Commission states that it is clear that many of the children who died in the Tuam Home are buried in the underground chambers,” at the site, a statement from the Department of Children said.

The report states that these chambers were not a recognised burial ground or purpose-built burial chamber and that it “did not provide for the dignified interment of human remains
”.

….

The Commission is surprised by lack of knowledge about the burials on the part of Galway County Council and the Sisters of the Bon Secours. Galway County Council members and staff must have known something about the manner of burial when the home was in operation.”



When lawyers say "surprised" they mean "disbelieve," "distrust" .. incredulous, dubious....
 

StarryPlough01

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'Let us know where they are buried' - Katherine Zappone appeals for information about children at former Mother and Baby Homes


Wednesday 17 April 2019



Cormac McQuinn Political Correspondent


The report says that the Sisters of Bons Secour who ran the Tuam Home were unable to provide any information about the burials there.

The Commission also said it was surprised by the lack of knowledge about the burials on the part of Galway County Council and the Sisters of Bons Secours.

"Galway County Council members and staff must have known something about the manner of burial when the Home was in operation.
 

StarryPlough01

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Phoenix Park suggested as location for Mother and Baby institution monument

Wednesday 17 April 20



Cormac McQuinn


One Forum member, Samantha Long, who chaired the sub-committee on memorialisation said there had been a consensus during discussions that the National Monument should be in the Phoenix Park.


Yes, Samantha, but there were few biological mothers appointed to your committee. Who was in your sub-committee that made that recommendation?
 

StarryPlough01

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Mother and Baby Home report: Only one child out of 900 who died in Bessborough is buried there

Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 09:59 AM

Copy of Fifth Interim Report embedded herein




By Daniel McConnell Political Editor



Bessbororo' Mother and Baby Home



"The Commission did not consider it feasible to excavate the full 60 acres involved, let alone the rest of the 200-acre estate on which the there has been extensive building work since the institution closed, she said.

"The interim report states that it seems to have been assumed that children who died in the institution were buried in a small burial ground in the grounds of Bessborough.

"The report says: "The vast majority of children who died in Bessborough are not buried there; it seems that only one child is buried there. More than 900 children died in Bessborough or in hospital after being transferred from Bessborough.





The Irish First Mothers group said the workings of the Collaborative Forum were "kept officially confidential" from the affected community of mothers and other survivors.

(y)They said: "The views of this government-selected group are not representative.

"This forum was created by Government to bypass the true voices of survivors as solicited by the department itself in consultative meetings involving up to 150 survivors during 2017.

"This PR stunt by the Minister and government is no substitute for immediate action to put in place substantive redress which enables survivors to rebuild the remainder of their lives after State brutality.

"The Government should instruct Judge Murphy to immediately bring forward an interim report on redress-related issues.

"The Minister should put supports in place now - not next year."



Hear, Hear...
 

StarryPlough01

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Death In Tuam

Bodger
at 10:00 am April 17, 2019

Concerning Tuam, the commission writes:

Two structures were discovered. The location of the first structure discovered corresponds with the location of what is described as the “Sewage Tank” on the older Ordnance Survey and title maps.

This structure had at some point been deliberately filled with a large deposit of stones, almost to the upper edges…

The second structure discovered proved to be of greater significance. It is a long structure built within the boundaries of the old sewage tank.

It is divided into 20 chambers. Initially, a structure with two lids was discovered. One of the lids was completely intact and the other was partly broken.

These lids were carefully removed and were found to have covered a chamber with a small division between two sections of the chamber.

Human skeletal remains were immediately visible. Further excavations revealed more lids and, when they were removed, more human skeletal remains were found in the chambers underneath.

Samples of the remains were retrieved from within the chambers using customised telescopic equipment from the surface openings.

The Commission did not consider physically entering the individual chambers because the size of the surface access points was very confined, there was a danger that any attempt at physical entry would have compromised the many skeletal remains and entry was, in any event, not considered to be safe.

An archaeologist on the team appointed by the Commission considers that the logical intended use of the first structure discovered (described in the reports as “cesspool” or “sewage tank”) was to receive sewage from the culverts and pipes found coming from the direction of the former Home.

…Without a full excavation it is not possible to conclusively say what was the exact engineering purpose of the structures but the Commission considers that it is very likely that it was sewerage related. This view is corroborated by some of the scientific testing carried out at the request of the Commission and described below.



‘The Commission has established that a total of 973 children from the Children’s Home died either in Glenamaddy [nearby workhouse] in the Tuam Home itself or in a hospital or institution soon after they were transferred there from Tuam.



Of these, 79 children died in Glenamaddy. The Glenamaddy workhouse had its own burial ground so it is likely that the children who died there are buried in that burial ground. However, there is no burial register available for the period in question so this cannot be verified.

The vast majority, 802, died in the Tuam Home itself.


This number includes a significant number of “legitimate” children who are within the Commission’s Terms of Reference because they were not accompanied by a parent and a small number of “legitimate” children who are outside the Commission’s Terms of Reference because they were accompanied by a parent. (The children who were accompanied by a parent are less likely to be buried in the Tuam burial ground and are more likely to have been buried by their parents.)

The details of the deaths of the children were established by the Commission from the records compiled in the Home and from a list provided by the General Register Office (GRO) and already in the public domain.

There are six children whose deaths are recorded in the records compiled within the Home and who are not on the GRO list. The Commission has been unable to find any mention in the Tuam Home records of six children who are included in the GRO list.

When analysing the records, the Commission noted that a significant number of children who were resident in the Tuam Children’s Home were transferred to the Central Hospital, Galway when they became seriously ill.

The Commission checked the Register of Deaths and found that 86 children who had been transferred there died soon after the transfer.

Six other children died soon after leaving the Tuam Home: two children died in the County Home, Castlebar; one died in Crumlin Children’s Hospital; one in St Bridgid’s Industrial School for Girls, Loughrea; one in Clifden District Hospital and one died at home.

The old Galway workhouse became the Galway Central Hospital in the period 1922 – 1924. It was subsequently rebuilt and renamed the Regional Hospital. It is now the Galway University Hospital.

The Commission has found burial records for 50 of the children who died in the Central Hospital, Galway – they are recorded as being buried in Bohermore Cemetery.

Twelve mothers who were resident in the Tuam Home died, the majority from complications of childbirth; some died in the Home itself and some in the Central Hospital, Galway. It is not known who took responsibility for the burial of these mothers.

If the Central Hospital took responsibility for the burials it would be expected that they would be recorded in Bohermore cemetery but the Commission did not find any record of these burials there.’
 
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StarryPlough01

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Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby Homes:


Fifth Interim Report


Minister Zappone publishes Commission’s Fifth Interim Report



Report focuses on the burial arrangements in the mother and baby institutions being investigated by the Commission


Statement by the Minister for Children and Youth Affairs, Dr Katherine Zappone TD



Wednesday 17th April 2019

The Minister for Children and Youth Affairs, Dr Katherine Zappone TD, has today (17 April 2019) published the Fifth Interim Report from the Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby Homes.

The Fifth Interim Report examines the burial arrangements in the institutions under investigation by the Commission. The report also examines the transfer of remains to educational institutions for the purpose of anatomical examination. Minister Zappone brought the report to Government yesterday (16 April 2019), securing approval for its publication. The report’s contents have been noted by Government and will be sent to the relevant agencies for further consideration.

Responding to the report the Minister said “This is a significant piece of work from the Commission that addresses important issues relating to the burial arrangements at these institutions. The Commission is collating a huge amount of material and examining the matters before it in a way never before possible. This report reflects the sheer depth and complexity of the work the Commission is undertaking. I know that that many former residents and their family members have been patiently awaiting this report and believe that it will assist in bringing clarity to this matter”.

The Commission has stated that it will include an analysis of the causes of deaths and the registration of deaths in its final report which is due by February 2020.

The Commission has submitted this interim report to assist Government in implementing its agreed course of action to manage the juvenile remains interred at the site at Tuam, Co Galway. It is an interim report, compiled on the basis of information available at this time. It includes a series of detailed and complex technical reports which were sourced by the Commission from relevant experts to inform its investigations into the site of the former Home.

The report makes a number of findings in relation to the burials at Tuam. The Commission states that it is clear that many of the children who died in the Tuam Home are buried in the underground chambers. The report states that these chambers were not a recognised burial ground or purpose built burial chamber and that it did not provide for the dignified interment of human remains.

The Commission concludes that there is little basis for the theory that rather than having died, the children were ‘sold’ to America.

The report makes no specific recommendations but calls on anyone who may have information relating to the Tuam site to come forward and speak with them. On this point Minister Zappone stated “I would like to endorse this request by the Commission and would strongly encourage anyone with any information relating to the Commission’s terms of reference contact them immediately”.

The report also examines the burial practices in a number of other institutions including Bessborough, Bethany Home, Castlepollard and Sean Ross Abbey. In the case of Bessborough, the Commission found no physical or documentary evidence of systematic burials within the grounds, but considers that it is highly likely that burials took place there. The Commission did not consider it feasible to excavate the full 60 acres involved, let alone the rest of the 200-acre estate on which the there has been extensive building work since the institution closed.

In Sean Ross Abbey there is a designated child burial ground in the grounds of the institution. The Commission has undertaken a geophysical study and subsequently a test excavation of the site and the results of this excavation are currently being examined. The Commission will report on this in their final report.

This report will take some time to fully absorb but undoubtedly advances our understanding of the burial practices at these institutions.

Minister Zappone stated that “The publication of this report is a significant milestone in the work of this Commission. I am once again reassured that the Commission will not shy away from asking the necessary questions without fear or favour and will shine a light on this dark period in our history”

ENDS//


Link to Mother and Baby Homes Burials report FAQs


Link to Mother & Baby Homes Commission of Investigation 5th Interim Report
 

StarryPlough01

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Incredible Front Page


Irish Examiner


Where are all the babies buried?

Thursday 18 April 2019



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