Indeed, but the emergence of technology to provide an alternative is quite recent. Still a long way to go but its getting there. You can buy cars that, at least boast, can travel 400kms on a single charge (of course perfect driving and conditions etc etc).Technology has not advanced. Even in Europe, fossil fuels still dominate transport. And then infastructure from steel, cement and glass. No way around that.
But the climate debate is fraught with issues, a number of them rarely discussed. Battery manufacturing for instance. Its one of the dirtiest industries out there. You don't hear much about that though. And battery life, what is it for these all electric and hybrid cars? Is it 8 years, 10 years? The car is basically worthless after that. And what about the manner in which the energy to charge them is produced? There is all kinds of spin and bollox claimed.
Some company recently signed a "deal" with a Co Donegal wind farm. The deal was that they miraculously acquire all their energy needs from the wind farm. The kicker is, the company is nowhere near Co Donegal. You can be damn sure there is no cable running from Donegal into this company to supply its energy needs. Spin and bolloxology.