- Sep 29, 2009
There was the small matter of the Arab-Israeli War between the two Resolutions.The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was adopted as Resolution 181on 29 November 1947.
Really?The US Government didn't care about "the Jewish interest".
President Truman (31 August 1945) proposed the immediate admission into Palestine of 100,000 Jewish refugees. Previously (13 August 1945) the World Zionist congress was arguing for a million to be admitted. The Arab states (Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon) warned the US that the creation of a Jewish state would lead to war.
On 29 April 1946 an Anglo-American committee of inquiry advised against partition, and proposed instead local and provincial autonomies. This was rejected by Arab and Jewish interests alike.
The bombing of the King David Hotel accelerated the need for some solution, and there was a conference in London (September-December 1946) — boycotted by the Zionists — at which the Arabs argued for an Arab-dominated Palestinian state. Meanwhile, in Basel the Zionist congress wanted a Jewish state. Both Arabs and Jews wanted an end to the Mandate.
7 February 1947: the final British position was territorial division within a UN trusteeship. Again this was rejected by both Arabs and Jews. Hence the UK referred the Mandate back to the UN (7 Feb 1947) and the UN (29 Nov 1947) voted partition, with Jerusalem held as a UN trusteeship. This was accepted by the Jews, but rejected by the Arabs.
On 17 December 1947 the Arab League pledged to use force to prevent partition; and raids were begun on Jewish settlements. There's a listing of the engagements by both sides here.
The same day as the British withdrawal, David Ben-Gurion declared the provisional government of the state of Israel, with Chaim Weizmann as president. Both the US and the USSR immediately recognised the new creation.
Although the US would not supply arms to either side in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, Georges Bidault had no such scruples: in January 1948 the French provided $26 million to arm Haganah. Quantities of arms from Czechoslovakia were flown to Palestine via the French mandate in Syria. That was financed on the back of US loans. (James Barr shows how France consistently subverted UK interests in the Middle East — and vice versa.)
To the last, the US agitated for the British not to abandon the Mandate. Ernie Bevin took General Marshall's concern to Cabinet (22 March 1948), but suggested the Americans had 'allowed US electoral needs to influence US foreign policy'.