Native Canadians to recall boarding school abuse

The Caped Cod

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I stumbled across this article and found it interesting. THere are many parellels between this an our own situation in Ireland.

Hundreds of indigenous Canadians are to give evidence before a commission of their experiences at state-funded schools set up to enforce assimilation.

About 150,000 children attended the Church-run boarding schools which operated up to the 1970s.

The pupils were forced to abandon their cultural identity and many were physically and sexually abused.
...

The schools, which operated from the late 19th Century, were designed to assimilate the children into European-Canadian society by removing their language, religion and culture.
...

"The things that happened for generations of children, just removed from their homes. How can you say to a child, we're going to take away your parents, your sisters, your brothers your home - everything? You are going to be up for grabs for anyone who wants to do anything to you. And it was done."
BBC News - Native Canadians to recall boarding school abuse
The foundations of the system were the pre-confederation Gradual Civilization Act (1857) and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act (1869). These assumed the inherent superiority of British ways, and the need for Indians to become English-speakers, Christians, and farmers. At the time, Aboriginal leaders wanted these acts overturned.[5]
Canadian Indian residential school system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Act to Encourage the Gradual Civilization of Indian Tribes in this Province, and to Amend the Laws Relating to Indians (commonly known as the Gradual Civilization Act) was a bill passed by the 5th Parliament of the Province of Canada in 1857.

The treaty built on the "Act for the Protection of the Indians in Upper Canada" passed in 1839, but required the "enfranchisement" of any recognized male Indian over the age of 21 "able to speak, read and write either English or the French language readily and well, and is sufficiently advanced in the elementary branches of education and is of good moral character and free from debt."[1] An "enfranchised" Indian would no longer retain the "legal rights and habilities of Indians" and would "no longer be deemed an Indian" but a regular British subject.[1] Such enfranchisement was mandatory, but any male Indian could be voluntarily enfranchised despite an inability to read or write, or a lack of school education, so long as he spoke English or French, and was found to be "of sober and industrious habits, free from debt and sufficiently intelligent to be capable of managing his own affairs."[1] Voluntary enfranchisement, however, required a three year probation term before it would come into legal effect.

Enfranchisement required that Indians choose a surname (to be approved by appointed commissioners) by which they would become legally known. The wife and descendants of an enfranchised Indian would also be enfranchised, and would no longer be considered members of the former tribe, unless they were to regain Indian status through another marriage.

Enfranchised Indians were entitled to "a piece of land not exceeding fifty acres out of the lands reserved or set apart for the use of his tribe" as allotted by the Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, and "a sum of money equal to the principal of his share of the annuities and other yearly revenues receivable by or for the use of such tribe."[1] This land and money would become their property, but by accepting it, they would "forego all claim to any further share in the lands or moneys then belonging to or reserved for the use of [their] tribe, and cease to have a voice in the proceedings thereof."[1
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gradual_Civilization_Act
I have read some absolutley shocking accounts of what happened to Natives in these schools, stories that make Letterfrack look like Butlins (and that is not meant to understate the horror of Letterfrack, but to provide a point of comparison).
It is encouraging to see the past wrongs done against these people brought to light and addressed.
They experienced not just the brutality of the schools themselvs, but also the fact the that these schols were only one part of a national campaign to destroy there culture and heritage.
The fact that Enfranchised (just goes to show double speak is nothing new) males were forced by their compulsory Enfrachised status to give up their tribal status (and any legal tribal ties to the land) reminds me of Irish penal laws that would grant the totality of inherited land to a son who converted to protestantism.
A device to divide.
 


Passionateheart

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By all indices used to evaluate such matters, Canada is always considered one of the most civilised countries in the world, usually the most civilised. This is one hell of a blot on it though. One wonders were Irish surnames prominent on the shameful roll call of abusers. In similar situations in Britain, Australia and The United States, Irish surnames were very common indeed!
 

The Caped Cod

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By all indices used to evaluate such matters, Canada is always considered one of the most civilised countries in the world, usually the most civilised. This is one hell of a blot on it though. One wonders were Irish surnames prominent on the shameful roll call of abusers. In similar situations in Britain, Australia and The United States, Irish surnames were very common indeed!
Given that in Catholicism's cultural colonisation of the New World, Irish priest made up alot of th efoot soldiers, I would imagine there were more than afew.
But this was not just the work of the Catholic church, the schools Christian, some Catholic some Protestant. And it isn't even a religious matter, it was the state santioned, even state controlled destruction of a people.
It brings to mind the US' short lived eugenics sterilisation programmes where all concepts of human dignity and compassion are left to the way side.

The treatment of the Natives is indeed thegreatest blot on Canada's history.
 

Kilbarry

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"Truth and Reconciliation" in Canada

It looks like the Canadian "Truth and Reconciliation Commission" is failing to "reconcile" with the indigenous people of Canada. The expenditure of huge amounts of money seems to lead only to further demands and allegations.
http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/01/19/284374/canada-pm-incites-hatred-of-aborigines/
Canada premier accused of inciting hatred of aborigines

"A Canadian women's group has accused the country’s Prime Minister Stephen Harper of inciting hatred of the indigenous people in the country by falling short of condemning racial practices against them. Ellen Gabriel of the ‘Indigenous Women of Turtle Island’ highlighted on Friday that so far she has observed a powerful and rising amount of racist reactions against the protests organized by the 'Idle No More' movement over aboriginal treaty rights.

"The Canadian government’s failure to meet the demands of the First Nations has triggered many protests across the country. On January 16, hundreds of demonstrators, many carrying flags and signs calling on the federal government to listen to aboriginal concerns, blocked one of the two access roads to the Ambassador Bridge, which is the major trade crossing from southern Ontario to the US. Several other protest rallies had also been held or planned in cities nationwide, blocking rail and roadways, including the TransCanada Highway, as well as targeting oil sands mining in Western Canada. .......


Meanwhile the "compensation" money doesn't seem to have done the trick:

"Many of Canada's natives live in poor conditions with unsafe drinking water, inadequate housing, addiction, and high suicide rates."

How is any Government supposed to prevent people from committing suicide? Will lots more money solve the problem?
 

Kilbarry

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More "Reconciliation"

And in addition there is this
PressTV - Canada chief warns of native retaliation
Canada chief warns of native retaliation

An influential aboriginal leader in Canada has warned the Ottawa government that natives could bring the economy to its knees if their demands are not met. On Thursday, Grand Chief Derek Nepinak, from the province of Manitoba, called on the Conservative government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper to immediately address the social and economic grievances facing many of Canada's 1.2 million aborigines, Reuters reported. "We have had enough. Our young people have had enough. Our women have had enough...We have nothing left to lose," Nepinak said.

Canada's prime minister is due to hold talks on Friday with native leaders who say want more federal money, a greater say over what happens to resources on their land, and more respect from the federal Conservative government. “These are demands, not requests," said Nepinak, adding, "The Idle No More movement has the people - it has the people and the numbers - that can bring the Canadian economy to its knees…"


Is this about people who have intolerable grievances - or alternatively about those with a limitless sense of entitlement who like to blame others for their problems?
 

eskrimador

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People often thnk of Canada as some Western Sweden but it has an awful human rights record.

BTW, they have NO issue with being called Indians.
 

Fra_south_Derry

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People often thnk of Canada as some Western Sweden but it has an awful human rights record.

BTW, they have NO issue with being called Indians.
Sweden is far from perfect. Up to the 1970s it had a policy of forced sterilisation on 'undesirables' and has also a history of covering up child abuse.

The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo alludes to this dark underbelly.
 

eskrimador

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Sweden is far from perfect. Up to the 1970s it had a policy of forced sterilisation on 'undesirables' and has also a history of covering up child abuse.

The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo alludes to this dark underbelly.
True, as did Canada.

That said, I've spent a lot of time in Canada and love the country and the people. How many peoples can we judge by the actions of their governments?
 

Kilbarry

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Human Rights?

People often thnk of Canada as some Western Sweden but it has an awful human rights record.

BTW, they have NO issue with being called Indians.
QUOTE “These are demands, not requests," said [Grand Chief Derek] Nepinak, adding, "The Idle No More movement has the people - it has the people and the numbers - that can bring the Canadian economy to its knees…" UNQUOTE

In this case I would say that the human rights problem is with the so-called "victims" and not with the government of Canada.
 

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Two Irish Christian Brothers were hanged for the rape and murder of two children in Care in the early-30s.

May I recommend a good book about the brutality of the Irish christian brothers in Canada. IT'S TITLED "UNHOLY ORDERS": Tragedy at Mount Cashel Orphanage. Saint Johns Newfoundland Canada. Author: Michael Harris. VIKING BOOKS. Out of print book. PS Some of the monster christian brothers had served in Artane, Letterfrack and likely were seconded to other institutions in Ireland.

I did contact the christian brothers for names concerning above and they told me that they don't give out names of dead members - I replied that I was asking after the names of the children that were abused and murdered!
 
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chimera

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Things only changed in Australia with "stolen generation" abducted children when the US gave Afro people voting rights. There were English children also shipped out after 1945 with the same abuse patterns, as with local orphans too. This was all happening just 40 years ago.
 

Kilbarry

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‘Collateral victim’ of Residential Schools gets 15 Months for Burning child 27 Times with Cigarette,

‘Collateral victim’ of residential schools gets 15 months for burning child 27 times with cigarette, lighter | National Post

MONTREAL — A Quebec aboriginal man who repeatedly burned a five-year-old girl with a cigarette, leaving permanent scars on her face, arms, legs and genitalia, has been given a lenient sentence after a judge determined he is a “collateral victim” of residential school abuse. .........

The criminal is a COLLATERAL victim according to the judge, because although HE never went to a residential school AND his parents never went to one, his four GRANDparents did and this created the legacy of an abusive household that affected him.

This is the Cult of Victimhood carried to its obscene conclusion.

A further quote from the National Post article

...The judge said Bellemare is among the “collateral victims of residential schools and of the cultural genocide that the Atikamekws of Wemotaci experienced.”

He agreed that the violence inflicted by Bellemare was “serious, revolting and must be denounced to protect other children who are victims of violence.” But he concluded that the four years sought by the Crown was excessive in light of the accused’s aboriginal heritage. ...
 

Kilbarry

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A Supreme Court dissenter gets it right on violent aboriginal criminals

In contrast to the above, a Supreme Court justice argued that violent aboriginal criminals cannot be left off the hook.

Jonathan Kay: A Supreme Court dissenter gets it right on violent aboriginal criminals | National Post

.............., Rothstein emphasizes that “protection of the public” must be “the paramount consideration in setting the timing and conditions for [a prisoner’s] release.” He also notes that by the time a convict has been slapped with a long-term supervision order, it’s already clear that “rehabilitation and reintegration” (the goals of alternative sentencing) “are not being achieved.” Even if all of a defendant’s problems can be traced to residential schools and drunken parents, that doesn’t mitigate the threat of continuous and brutal violence that he poses to the community.

And more often than not, the community under threat from released aboriginal prisoners is, itself, aboriginal — which means that it is primarily aboriginal men whose heads are at risk of being stomped, and aboriginal women at risk of rape, once the prisoner is set loose. “Aboriginal communities are not a separate category entitled to less protection because the offender is Aboriginal,” Justice Rothstein writes. “Where the breach of a [long-term supervision order] goes to the control of the Aboriginal offender in the community, rehabilitation and reintegration into society will have faltered, if not failed.”........


"Even if all of a defendant’s problems can be traced to residential schools and drunken parents..."

You would also wonder to what extent the residential school is to blame at all? For example one of the cases the judge was referring to, was that of Frank Ladue

...Ladue, a 50-year-old member of the Ross River Dena Council, an hour’s flight northeast of Whitehorse, saw both his alcoholic parents die when he was a child. He was sent to a residential school when he was just five, and began drinking at nine, and then graduated to drugs. ....

Was the residential school responsible for his abuse of drink and drugs and then his violence - or like despairing FOSTER parents, did they just fail to heal his pre-existing traumas?
 
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Kilbarry

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'Tragic’ Number of Aboriginal Children in Foster Care in Canada

'Tragic' number of aboriginal children in foster care stuns even the experts
‘Tragic’ number of aboriginal children in foster care stuns even the experts

OTTAWA – Nearly half of children under 14 in foster care in Canada are aboriginal children — a number that exceeds even the grimmest estimates of a leading First Nations’ child welfare advocate.

Newly released data from the National Household Survey suggest that, of the approximately 30,000 children in care in Canada in 2011, 14,225 were aboriginal.

Overall, four per cent of aboriginal children were in care, compared to a scant 0.3 per cent of non-aboriginal children, or 15,345 children.

“It’s tragic, because these numbers far outstrip even our projections,” said Cindy Blackstock, executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada. Her figures had suggested aboriginals made up “30 to 40 per cent of the kids” in foster care. .......


In fact even the highest figure above may be misleading or understated. I have read claims that - because of all the scandals about children being supposedly torn from their parents in the past - social workers can be overly reluctant to remove aboriginal children today. After all of the government apologies, "compensation" and denunciations of the how society and the Church dealt with deprived children in the past, neither Canada nor ourselves seem to have resolved this issue!
 

Kilbarry

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Approximately 60% Of Canada’s Aboriginal Children On Reserve Live In Poverty

And then you have this:
Approximately 60% of Canada

Indigenous children living on reserve in Canada maintain a 60% poverty rate compared to their non-Aboriginal counterparts whose child poverty rate is slightly above 20%. This comes from a recent study published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and released earlier today. The highest poverty rates detailed in the study come from children on First Nations reserves in Manitoba with a rate of 75% and Saskatchewan with a rate of 69% respectively. In addition to these numbers, it was also found that the poverty rate has actually worsened since 2005 with the primary motivators behind why the poverty rate has grown like it has being underfunded schools and underfunded child welfare services. The combination of these two primary motivators has meant Aboriginal children being unable to rise above.

But perhaps this can be explained by an economic downturn? ON THE CONTRARY

With the massive economic growth that has been experienced in western Canada throughout the past decade, its Aboriginal population has not seen the same type of benefits. Any trickle down benefits of that economic growth are not seeing its way down to Aboriginal reserves where many citizens remain forgotten and left to fend for themselves. ......

One of the purposes of the infamous "Residential Schools" in Canada - and Australia - was to prepare Aboriginal children for life in the wider society - and NOT the reservations. However our current ruling class no longer believes in anything much so they would not dream of encouraging the "First Nations" to leave the reservation and assimilate. Our rulers prefer to leave the Aboriginals to rot and do so with a clean conscience because they consider themselves to be non-judgemental and non-moralising!
 

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The Newfoundland and Labrador government has agreed to pay $750,000 to settle a lawsuit related to the Mount Cashel orphanage, in the latest chapter of a grim story that began decades ago, but continues to have an impact today. The province confirmed this week it is the highest settlement to date for a case related to Mount Cashel. The plaintiff, named only as John Doe in court documents, had accused the government of negligence.

The Department of Justice confirmed the $750,000 settlement amount, but otherwise declined comment, citing "respect for the privacy of the plaintiff."

While John Doe's case may now be in the past, there are more in the Newfoundland and Labrador government's future. According to the Department of Justice, the province is still facing another 18 civil suits related to Mount Cashel. Hiscock says they involve allegations of abuse from the 1970s and 1980s, when the orphanage was incorporated into the foster care system, and children were sent there as wards of the state.

A separate lawsuit is pending against the Roman Catholic Episcopal Corporation of St. John's.

In 1996, the province reached a compensation agreement with about 40 former Mount Cashel residents, totalling more than $11 million. All told, the province says there have been approximately 130 settlements made to date, for a total of about $29.2 million, related to Mount Cashel. In 2013, the Christian Brothers of Ireland settled with more than 400 people across North America who claimed abuse at the hands of the order, including 160 from Newfoundland and Labrador. The total amount of that settlement was more than $16.5 million.
 


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