- Dec 14, 2011
Not true. The Scottish Reformation happened in 1560 - 25 yrs after England. The differences between the Scottish and English Reformations were:Just to correct a small detail, the reformation reached Scotland before England, with the lowlands embracing the reformation early on, while the highlands were a little slower on the uptake, but eventually embraced either calvinism or episcopalianism, with the exception of a few pockets of catholic populated areas.
The Gaelic speaking, highlander Campbells were some of the first, if not the first protestants in britain, since the clan chieftan was a good friend of John Knox, he embraced the reformation in its early days as did the rest of the inhabitants in the territory he controlled.
- In England it was imposed from above and there were relatively few native reformers. In Scotland the masses of the population supported it, in part because Catholicism had become associated with French political and military domination of the country during the regency of Marie of Guise (the French widow of James V) which lasted 20 yrs.
- The Scottish Reformation was Calvinist whereas the English version largely kept Catholic ritual, though this lessened under Edward VI and Elizabeth I to some extent.
- The Anglican Church was controlled by the monarchy, while the Scottish one was controlled by the clergy in the General Assembly. Attempts by Charles I to change this with the Book of Common Prayer led to the revolt known as the Bishops Wars in Scotland.