And some things that should not have been forgotten were lost."
Republican freedom, as a political philosophy and practical system, is purposed to undo systems of totalism that intrude into the private sphere and seek to control people down to their psychological processes. The modern variants, though veiled, are still around. They are the embodiment of tyranny. The list presented in the IDHR detail their features, in its reaction to them.
Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism -
In the book, Lifton outlines the "Eight Criteria for Thought Reform": Robert J Lifton
1) Milieu Control. This involves the control of information and communication both within the environment and, ultimately, within the individual, resulting in a significant degree of isolation from society at large.
2) Mystical Manipulation. The manipulation of experiences that appears spontaneous but is, in fact, planned and orchestrated by the group or its leaders in order to demonstrate divine authority, spiritual advancement, or some exceptional talent or insight that sets the leader and/or group apart from humanity, and that allows reinterpretation of historical events, scripture, and other experiences. Coincidences and happenstance oddities are interpreted as omens or prophecies.
3) Demand for Purity. The world is viewed as black and white and the members are constantly exhorted to conform to the ideology of the group and strive for perfection. The induction of guilt and/or shame is a powerful control device used here.
4) Confession. Sins, as defined by the group, are to be confessed either to a personal monitor or publicly to the group. There is no confidentiality; members' "sins," "attitudes," and "faults" are discussed and exploited by the leaders.
5) Sacred Science. The group's doctrine or ideology is considered to be the ultimate Truth, beyond all questioning or dispute. Truth is not to be found outside the group. The leader, as the spokesperson for God or for all humanity, is likewise above criticism.
6) Loading the Language. The group interprets or uses words and phrases in new ways so that often the outside world does not understand. This jargon consists of thought-terminating clichés, which serve to alter members' thought processes to conform to the group's way of thinking.
7) Doctrine over person. Members' personal experiences are subordinated to the sacred science and any contrary experiences must be denied or reinterpreted to fit the ideology of the group.
8) Dispensing of existence. The group has the prerogative to decide who has the right to exist and who does not. This is usually not literal but means that those in the outside world are not saved, unenlightened, unconscious and they must be converted to the group's ideology. If they do not join the group or are critical of the group, then they must be rejected by the members. Thus, the outside world loses all credibility. In conjunction, should any member leave the group, he or she must be rejected also.
So we see ideologies like Nazism and Communism as totalitarian systems and yet these two ideologies are presented as being on extreme ends of the political spectrum. But the thing is that they are both the same in nature and differ only in their mechanisms of intrusion.
Both are symptomatically the same. That's something that's important to recognise when assessing differing philosophies - what are the means they use to meet their purported ends and what are the results.
We have a natural right to be healthy and free of their affliction. And that is why Republican freedom is important - in the systemic rather than factional sense. If the state does not protect this freedom, and it's antigens are totalist, then it is a pretender.