If democracy is government of the people by the people then how can aliens governing people be democracy?Is democracy is instrumentally valuable, intrinsically valuable, or both?
Something is "instrumentally" valuable if it is valuable because it allows us to access something else that is valuable.
Something is "intrinsically" valuable if it is valuable in itself.
Sometimes, a thing can be valuable in both senses - my father's watch may hold intrinsic value for me because it reminds me of him, for example, but it is also instrumentally valuable in the sense that I could sell it and use the money to buy something else of value, if I wished.
Democracy seems to have clear instrumental benefits - a democratic society will tend to be a more stable society, less prone to strife between different groups or sudden political upheaval, for example. A democratic society may also be a more efficient society - if we think that the best way to find out what is in the best interests of most people is to simply ask them via elections or referendums.
Most people agree that democracy has these, or similar, instrumental benefits, but is democracy also intrinsically valuable?
One way to answer this question is to use a thought experiment, imagining a world where we have all of the instrumental benefits provided by democracy, in a non-democratic context. For example:
The Alien Overlords
Imagine that you live in a world ruled by a extremely advanced aliens. Imagine:
1. That these aliens are entirely benevolent: they have only the best interests of humanity at heart, and will not oppress anyone or treat anyone unjustly.
2. That these aliens are extremely knowledgeable: they will know the best way to achieve whatever policy goal they desire, using the resources available. They are also psychic - they are able to read the minds of human beings in order to discern our preferences.
3. That those ruled by the aliens know all of the above, and know that the aliens will always remain as benevolent and intelligent as they are now.
The point of these assumptions is just to hold constant the instrumental benefits between both cases (technically, the benefits are probably much greater in the case where we are ruled by the aliens, but that doesn't make a difference to what follows).
So, the question is whether there is any (non-instrumental) sense in which it would be better to live in a world where we are ruled democratically, rather than being ruled by the alien overlords. Even if this would mean that our rulers aren't quite as benevolent or as knowledgeable as the aliens, would there be something valuable in the mere fact that we would be the authors of the laws to which we are subjected? If so, what is the best way to understand the intrinsic value of democracy?
I think I have got a handle on political philosophy now. Its how you can take a simple concept
(democracy for instance) and really confuse the fuk out of it for no other reason than to sound superior.
To me true political philosophy would be about helping those countries who espouse democracy have regard for the will of the people.