I'm being precise, not obtuse.I'm not sure whether or not you are being deliberately obtuse here. As I thought I'd made clear, there must be a government. That means that all of the authorities associated with that must remain in place. There is no two ways about that. If a crisis struck, the country would not be served well by doubts surrounding the competency of a minister or a Taoiseach to take action. But the powers *are* constrained to an extent. In effect, the government cannot present bills or put in place legislation which requires the consent of Dáil Éireann.
I'm speaking of practice and convention. The powers of the government are constrained.
Bunreacht and any sensible constitution would always reserve the rights of a sitting government until a replacement is in place. It ensures contingency and continuity. It must be like that. However, it adapts a passive role in effect and it knows that its legislative days are behind it.
When I said that the Taoiseach and ministers retain all their powers until they're replaced you disagreed.
The grounds for your disagreement appear to arise from a confusion on your part about the differences between the Executive and the Legislature.
Ministers continue to hold the full power and authority of their office and can legally and constitutionally exercise all of those powers. I've given examples of that happening.
That's to do with the Executive.
Legislating can only be done via the Dail. No Dail, no legislation.
In the period between the dissolution and the first sitting of the new Dail there can be no bills presented because there's no Dail to present them to. It's a nonsense to describe that as a constraint on ministerial power.
Once the new Dail meets, outgoing ministers can present bills if they wish. Obviously in the normal course of events those bills would fall but in extremis it could pass.
Say for example we had an outbreak of corona virus and some quarantine legislation was required to curb the spread. In that circumstance it's easy to picture the Dail agreeing to pass legislation sponsored by the outgoing Minister for Health.